Joana Robalo

Joana Robalo

Professora Auxiliar


Orcid: 0000-0002-7470-0574

Scopus Author ID: 6506759340


Research gate



Phone: + 351 21 8811700 (ext. 226)

Fax: + 351 21 8860954


Entrevista na CVTV


:: Research interests


- Phylogeny, phylogeography, biogeography and behaviour of marine and freshwater organisms 



:: Publications


Sousa-Santos C, Robalo J, Pereira A, I Doadrio. in press. Threatened fishes of the world: Cobitis vettonica. Croatian Journal of Fisheries


Sousa-Santos C, Robalo J, Pereira A, I Doadrio. in press. Threatened fishes of the world: Achondrostoma salmantinum. Croatian Journal of Fisheries


Francisco, SM; Almada, VC; Faria, C; Velasco, EM; Robalo, JI (2014) Phylogeographic pattern and glacial refugia of a rocky shore species with limited dispersal capability: the case of Montagu’s blenny (Coryphoblennius galerita, Blenniidae). Marine Biology DOI 10.1007/ s00227-014-2523-6. pdf


Francisco, SM; Robalo, JI; Stefanni, S; Levy, A; Almada, VC (2014) Gaidropsarus (Gadidae, Teleostei) of the North Atlantic: a phylogenetic approach. Journal of Fish Biology. 85: 473-87. doi:10.1111/jfb.12437 pdf


Francisco, SM; Robalo, JI; Levy, A; Almada, VC (2014) In search of phylogeographic patterns in the northeastern Atlantic and adjacent seas. In: Evolutionary biology, Genome, Speciation, Coevolution and Origin of life. Pontarotti, P (Ed). Springer. Chapter 15: 323-338. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-07623-2_15


Geiger, M; Herder, F; Monaghan, M; Almada, V; Barbieri, R; Bariche, M; Berrebi, P; Bohlen, J; Casal-Lopez, M; Delmastro, G; Denys, G; Dettai, A; Doadrio, I; Kalogianni, E; Kärst, H; Kottelat, M; Kovacic, M; Laporte, M; Lorenzoni, M; Marcic, Z; Özulug, M; Perdices, A; Perea, S; Persat, H; Porcellotti, S; Puzzi, C; Robalo, J; Sanda, R; Schneider, M; Slechtova, V; Stumboudi, M; Walter, S; Freyhof, J. 2014. Spatial Heterogeneity in the Mediterranean Biodiversity Hotspot Affects Barcoding Accuracy of its Freshwater Fishes. Molecular Ecology Resources, doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12257


Robalo, JI; Lima, CS; Francisco, SM; Almada, F; Bañon, R; Villegas-Ríos, D; Almada, VC (2014) Phylogeography of the fivebeard rockling (Ciliata mustela, Linnaeus, 1758): a possible candidate fish to monitor climate change impact on genetic population structure. Journal of Phylogenetics and Evolutionary Biology. 2: 123. doi: 10.4172/2329-9002.1000123


Sousa-Santos C, Robalo J, Pereira A, I Doadrio. 2014. Threatened fishes of the world: Squalius malacitanus. Croatian Journal of Fisheries 72:209-212.


Sousa-Santos C, Robalo J, Pereira A, I Doadrio. 2014. Threatened fishes of the world: Squalius castellanus. Croatian Journal of Fisheries 72:206-208.


Sousa-Santos C, Robalo J, Pereira A, I Doadrio. 2014. Threatened fishes of the world: Cottus hispaniolensis. Croatian Journal of Fisheries 72:202-205.


Sousa-Santos C, Robalo J, Pereira A, I Doadrio. 2014. Threatened fishes of the world: Cottus aturi. Croatian Journal of Fisheries 72:198-201.


Sousa-Santos, C; Robalo, JI; Francisco, SM; Carrapato, C; Cardoso, AC; Doadrio, I (2014) Metapopulations in temporary streams - the role of drought-flood cycles in promoting high genetic diversity in a critically endangered freshwater fish and its consequences for the future. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.08.007 pdf


Sousa-Santos, C.; Robalo, J.; Almada, V. 2014. Spawning behaviour of a threatened Iberian cyprinid and its implications for conservation. acta ethologica. DOI 10.1007/s10211-014-0185-5


Sousa-Santos, C.; Gante, H; Robalo, J; Cunha, PP; Martins, A; Arruda, M; Alves, MJ & Almada, VC. 2014. Evolutionary history and population genetics of a cyprinid fish (Iberochondrostoma olisiponensis) endangered by introgression from a more abundant relative. Conservation Genetics, 15:665–677. DOI 10.1007/s10592-014-0568-1.  pdf


Almada, V. C., Toledo, J.F., Brito, A., Levy, A., Floeter, S. R., Robalo, J. I., Martins, J., & Almada, F. O. 2013.  Complex origins of the Lusitania biogeographic province and northeastern Atlantic fishes. Frontiers of Biogeography, 5(1): 20-28. pdf


Cardoso S, Gonçalves D, Robalo JIAlmada VC, Canário AV & Oliveira RF. 2013. Efficient isolation of polymorphic microsatellites from high-throughput sequence data based on number of repeats. Marine Genomics, 11, 11-16.


Knutsen H, Jorde PE, Blanco Gonzalez E, Robalo R, Albretsen J & Almada V. 2013. Climate change and genetic structure of leading edge and rear end populations in a northwards shifting marine fish species, the corkwing wrasse (Symphodus melops). PLoS ONE 8(6): e67492.doi:10.1371 / journal.pone.0067492.


Robalo JISousa-Santos C, Coelho MM & Almada VC. 2013. Threatened fishes of the world: Iberochondrostoma almacai Coelho, Mesquita e Collares-Pereira, 2005 (Cyprinidae). Croatian Journal of Fisheries, 71, 147-148.


Robalo, J.I., Crespo A.M., Castilho R., Francisco S. M., Amorim, M.C.P., V.C. Almada. 2013. Are local extinctions and recolonizations continuing at the colder limits of marine fish distributions? Halobatrachus didactylus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) a possible candidate. Marine Biology 160: 2461-2467. DOI 10.1007/s00227-013-2241-5  pdf


Almada VC, Almada F, Francisco SM, Castilho R, Robalo JI. 2012. Unexpected high genetic diversity at the extreme Northern geographic limit of Taurulus bubalis (Euphrasen, 1786). PLoS One 7(8): e44404. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0044404 pdf


Almada VC, Francisco SM, Rosa I, Domingues V, Cabral H, Almada F, Henriques M, Robalo JI 2012. A rapid and inexpensive molecular technique to discriminate the north-eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Atherina species and its potential applications in ecology and larval identification. Biologia 67(5): 988-991. DOI: 10.2478/s11756-012-0087-9 pdf


Pereira AM, Jonsson B, Johansson M, Robalo JI, Almada VC. 2012 Icelandic lampreys (Petromyzon marinus): where do they come from. Ichthyological Research 59(1): 83-85. DOI: 10.1007/s10228-011-0248-9.


Robalo, JI; Castilho, R; Francisco, SM; Almada, F., Knutsen, H; Jorde, PE; Pereira, AM; Almada, VC 2012. Northern refugia and recent expansion in the North Sea: the case of the wrasse Symphodus melops (Linnaeus, 1758). Ecology and Evolution 2 (1): 153-164. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.77


Campos, A.R., Catry, P., Ramos, J., Robalo, J. 2011. Competition among Europeans Robins Erithacus rubecula in the winter quarters: sex is the best predictor of priority of access to experimental food resources. Ornis Fennica 88, online first. 


Pereira, A.M., Robalo, J. I., Freyhof, J., Maia, C., Fonseca, J. P., Valente, A. and Almada, V. C. 2010. Phylogeographical analysis reveals multiple conservation units in brook lampreys Lampetra planeri of Portuguese streams. Journal of Fish Biology. 77:361-371. 


Sousa-Santos C, Robalo JI & Almada V. 2010. Threatened fishes of the world: Squalius torgalensis Coelho, Bogutskaya, Rodrigues & Collares-Pereira, 1998 (Cyprinidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 87:123-124. DOI 10.1007/s10641-009-9567-3 


Almada, V. C., Robalo, J.I., Levy, A., Freyhof, J., Bernardi, G, Doadrio, I. 2009. Phylogenetic analysis of Peri-Mediterranean blennies of the genus Salaria: Molecular insights on the colonization of freshwaters. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52(2): 424-431.


Almada, V. C., Robalo, J. I., Gonçalves, E. J., Levy, A. and Patzner, R. A. 2009. Blennies in Temperate Seas. In The Biology of Blennies. Patzner, R.A., Gonçalves, E. J., Hastings, P., and Kapoor, B.G. (Eds.). Science Publishers, Enfield, NH.


Almada V. C., Pérez-Portela R., Robalo J. I. & Brito, A. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships of Gymnothorax bacalladoi Böhlke and Brito 1987 a poorly known moray of the Macaronesian islands. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 52: 252–256. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.01.007.


Robalo, J.I., Sousa-Santos, C., Almada, V.C. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Iberochondrostoma lusitanicum Collares-Pereira, 1980 (Cyprinidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 86:295-296.  10.1007/s10641-009-9510-7


Robalo JI, Sousa-Santos C, Cabral H, Castilho R & Almada VC. 2009. Genetic evidence fails to discriminate between Macroramphosus gracilis Lowe 1839 and M. scolopax Linnaeus 1758 in Portuguese waters. Marine Biology 156(8):1733-1737. 


Robalo JI, Sousa-Santos C, Almada VC 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Iberochondrostoma lusitanicum Collares-Pereira, 1980 (Cyprinidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 86:295-296. 


Sousa-Santos C, Robalo JI & Almada V. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Squalius aradensis Bogutskaya, Rodrigues & Collares-Pereira, 1998 (Cyprinidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes. 86(4):457-458. DOI 10.1007/s10641-009-9550-z  


Almada, V.C., Robalo, J.I. 2008. Phylogenetic analysis of alternative reproductive tactics. Problems and possibilities. In: Oliveira, R., Taborsky, M., Brockmann, H. J. (Eds) Alternative Reproductive Tactics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Almada, F., Henriques, M., Levy, A., Pereira, A., Robalo, J. & Almada, V.C. 2008. Reclassification of Lepadogaster candollei based on molecular and meristic evidence with a redefinition of the genus Lepadogaster. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46: 1151-1156. 


Robalo, J. I., Sousa-Santos, C., Doadrio, I. & Almada, V. C. 2008. Achondrostoma occidentale Robalo, Almada, Sousa-Santos, Moreira and Doadrio, 2005. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 48(3): 347


Robalo, J.I., I. Doadrio, A. Valente, V.C. Almada. 2008. Insights on speciation patterns in the genus Iberochondrostoma (Cyprinidae): Evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46: 155–166. 


Monteiro, J., R. Borges, J. Robalo, V. C. Amada, S. Henriques, E. J. Gonçalves. 2008. Larval development of Gobius xanthocephalus with genetic validation of larval identification. Journal of Fish Biology 73, 123–138. 


Almada, V. C., Pereira, A. M., Robalo, J. I., Fonseca, J. P., Levy A., Maia, C., & Valente, A. 2008. Mitochondrial DNA fails to reveal genetic structure in sea-lampreys along European shores. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 46: 391-396.


Robalo, J.I., V.C. Almada, A. Levy, I. Doadrio. 2007. Re-examination and phylogeny of the genus Chondrostoma based on mitochondrial and nuclear data and the definition of 5 new genera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 42: 362–372. 


Robalo, J.I., Doadrio, I., Valente, A., Almada, V.C. 2007. Identification of ESUs in the Critically Endangered Portuguese minnow Chondrostoma lusitanicum Collares-Pereira 1980, based on a phylogeographical analysis. Conservation Genetics, 8(5): 1225-1229. 


Vinyoles, D., Robalo, J. I., De Sostoa, A., Almodóvar, A., Elvira, B., Nicola, G. G., Fernández-Delgado, C., Santos, C. S., Doadrio, I., Sardá-Palomera, F. & Almada, V. C. 2007. Spread of the alien bleak Alburnus alburnus (L., 1758) in the Iberian Peninsula: the role of reservoirs. Graellsia, 63(1): 101-110. 


Robalo JI, C Sousa-Santos, A Levy & VC Almada (2006) Molecular insights on the taxonomic position of the paternal ancestor of the Squalius alburnoides hybridogenetic complex. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39(1): 276-281 


Robalo, J., Santos, C., Almada, V. and Doadrio, I. 2006. Paleobiogeography of two Iberian endemic cyprinids fishes (Chondrostoma arcasii-Chondrostoma macrolepidotus) inferred from mitochondrial sequence data. Journal of Heredity 97(2): 143-149 


Sousa-Santos, C., Robalo, J.I., Collares-Pereira, M.J. and Almada, V.C. 2005. Heterozygous indels as useful tools in the reconstruction of DNA sequences and in the assessment of ploidy level and genomic constitution of hybrid organisms. DNA Sequence. 16(6): 462-467.


Robalo, J., Almada, V., Santos, C., Moreira, M.I. and Doadrio, I. 2005. Chondrostoma occidentale, a new species of the genus Chondrostoma Agassiz, 1832 (Actynopterigii, Cyprinidae) from western Portugal. Graellsia 61(1): 19-29. 


Robalo, J., Doadrio, I., Almada, V. and Kottelat, M. 2005. Chondrostoma oligolepis, new replacement name for Leuciscus macrolepidotus Steindachner, 1866 (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters 16(1): 47-48.


Almada, V.C., Robalo, J.I. and Faria, C. 2003. First description of agonistic behaviour in Chondrostoma polylepis (Pisces: Cyprinidae) with notes on the behaviour of other Chondrostoma species. Etología 11: 9-13. 


Carvalho, V., Robalo, J.I. and Almada, V.C. 2003. A description of the reproductive behaviour of the endangered Iberian cyprinid Chondrostoma lusitanicum Collares-Pereira 1980 in captivity. Etología 10: 23-25. 


Robalo, J. and Almada, V.C. 2002. Some Features of the Behaviour of the Marbled newt Triturus marmoratus (Latreille, 1800) in Captivity. Acta Ethologica 4: 81-84. 


Estabrook, G.F., Almada, V.C., Almada, F. and Robalo, J. 2002. Analysis of Conditional Contingency Using ACTUS2, with Examples from Studies of Animal Behaviour. Acta Ethologica 4: 73-80. 


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