Leonor Galhardo

Leonor Galhardo

Post doc 


E-mail: leonor_galhardo@ispa.pt


Phone: + 351 21 8811700 (ext. 311)

Fax: + 351 21 8860954



:: Research interests


- Behaviour and welfare of wild animals in captivity

- Environmental enrichment and behavioural rehabilitation of wild animals

- Animal welfare assessment

- Animal cognition



:: Current research project


Welfare in teleosts: behavioural, cognitive and physiological aspects


Fish are an important resource, being used in multiple contexts. Their use has been raising welfare questions, related to the health, suffering and natural history. Despite the fact that legislation includes fish, very little is known in this area, for which priority areas of research have been recently highlighted.


This project aims to identify behavioural and physiological indicators of welfare in fish, through the comparative analysis of behaviour and cortisol response in the presence and absence of certain social and environmental (substrate) resources, and through related motivational studies. It also intends to understand the effect of three factors modulating the response to stressors: social environment, previsibility and relative intensity. Teleosts of the species Oreochromis mossambicus will be used, since they are well known, robust, easy to keep and breed, and economically relevant. The species Sarotherodon galileus will be used occasionally to evaluate specific needs of monogamous species forming stable pairs. 


Funded by: FCT - SFRH/BD/16162/2004



:: Selected publications


Galhardo, L., A. Vitorino & R.F. Oliveira. 2012. Social familiarity modulates personality trait in a cichlid fish. Biology Letters, Epub ahead of print August 1, doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2012.0500.


Galhardo, L., Almeida, O.& Oliveira, R.F. 2011. Measuring motivation in a cichlid fish: An adaptation of the push-door paradigm. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 130: 60-70 


Galhardo, L., Vital, J. & Oliveira, R.F. 2011. The role of predictability in the stress response of a cichlid fish. Physiology and Behavior. 102: 367-372 


Galhardo, L., Almeida, O. & Oliveira, R.F. 2009. Preference for the presence of substrate in male cichlid fish: effects of social dominance and context. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 120: 224-230. 


Galhardo, L. & R.F. Oliveira. 2009. Psychological stress and welfare in fish. Annual Review of Biomedical Sciences 11: 1-20.  

Horários e Contactos

Dias da semana

das 09:00h às 13:00h


tel +351 218 811 740